Summary of ideas Spring 2014

I have put together this article to spell out some of the thinking that I have come across recently.  A lot is highly contentious (such as Torsion waves) but as we struggle to understand how animals (and humans) navigate effortlessly, ideas which seemed so strong suddenly seem to be beset by impossible conditions.  We really welcome feedback.  Meanwhile we will be posting more detail in the near future.

Richard Nissen
Editor June 2014


Animal Navigation - Current Perspective (Spring 2014)

The History
Human and Animal migration on Earth have been a phenomenon for millennia. The reason is to seek and exploit planetary resources which change with the seasons. The problem for modern researchers of this phenomenon is to understand just how this process works. What is more, there is a need to understand how behaviour has evolved which is species dependent.

There is much in common between species whether they belong to the animal. bird, fish or indeed human communities. Predominantly, animals need to find food to support themselves as the weather changes with the seasons. Of course some animals and in some parts of the world do not need the move as their environments are always benign for them. But where there is big change in the weather, some animals have adapted to survive in adverse weather and others to migrate to where the environment they need for their survival is located.

This paper tries to find theories that help develop a set of testable ideas that can help create a unifying basis for animal navigation.

Current Situation
There are several interesting manifestations in nature of animal organisation and navigation

At present there are several basic issues. Some birds and fish and insects can form swarms (flocks and shoals). There are several odd occurrences with these shoals. In fishes shoaling is caused by threats. Birds like Starlings fly in amazing murmurations and bees (and other insects) operate perfectly in the complete darkness of their hives. The problem is that all this seems to be happening instantaneously (almost certainly faster than light). It looks as if swarms are the pooling of the intelligence of individuals into a swarm that integrates each individual into a bigger intelligence, just like individual neurons work together to make the brain or individual bees pool themselves in to an intelligent hive. Torsion waves (see below) can describe the forms these flocks form.

This is potentially indicating that swarming birds/fish when tightly linked generate torsion waves . The process also generates collective consciousness! This is the process whereby fermionic and bosonic (see below) processes unite.  In humans we get this effect at Man U v Man City matches!

Many migratory birds can be translated by hundreds of kilometres yet still find there homes. Cuckoos fly to the Congo in Africa to winter but do not fly on fixed bearings and the route back to the north is different to the route down. They seem to know where they are going. For the fledgling cuckoo they seem to inherit the instinct to go to Africa to winter and how to find their way back. These are not straight routes but ones with stopping places (to rest and refuel) and changes of direction and finally a destination. But how is this instinct transferred to them? Is it information carried in junk DNA, or carried in the bosonic Information field?

The Earth’s Magnetic Field
There are many theories and persuasive experiments that seem to suggest that animal navigation is based around the earth’s magnetic field. However,   there are many problems with this idea including the lack of the necessary sensors and the fact that knowing the location of North does not help navigate without a map.

A new theory, explained in more detail below, suggests that it is the spiralling electrons around the earth that create the perceived magnetic field lines since they are spiralling they radiate torsion waves. Birds and other animals use this information not the magnetic field per se.

Where is the navigational sensor?
The Wiltschkos in Germany suggested that cutting of the trigeminal nerve severed the magnetic sensors in the beak from the brain, thus destroying navigational ability in Pigeons. Blocking the nose in Shearwaters was used by researchers in the Italy (Gagliardo et al) to create a lack of the ability to smell and therefore destroying the ability to navigate. This last research showed that the navigation of migratory birds (shearwaters /albatrosses) tested were not affected by magnets attached to them

There has been much evidence that cutting the Trigeminal Nerve or blocking the ethmoid sinuses in birds causes them to loose their navigational ability. Suddenly we have a theory that unites two separate but unsatisfactory theories because it is the sinuses which are involved in the detection of Torsion waves and fermionic fields. It is further suggested that the sinuses are involved together with vision which indicates a beautiful bit of  biological engineering.

A New Theory
Whilst of course it seems likely that there is a basic navigation system, we must understand how each species has evolved different approaches which work best for them and their environment.

Firstly we need to explain how an animal knows where to go. Secondly we need to have a mechanism that makes this possible

Recent scientific work has spent much time and effort discovering the Higgs Boson. This seems to a particle that holds information. Perhaps this “bosonic” field is what enables Einstein’s spooky action at distance. This is the effect that two particles which are “quantum entangled” react to a change in the spin in one, immediately in the other, certainly faster than the speed of light, wherever they are.

Torsion waves come out of the idea that when we see the magnetic field for instance with iron particles round a magnet we are seeing a secondary effect. What is actually happening is that the earth transmits a Torsion field. Obviously we know that a stream of electrons creates a magnetic field.

All rotating objects generate torsion. A spinning mass produces torsion waves that extend along the axis of rotation to both directions. An object that rotates clockwise (as observed from the top) generates right-handed torsion above the object and left-handed torsion below the object. Since every elementary particle with a mass has a spin, each one generates its own natural torsion field. Moreover, according to Gennady Shipov (1993) changing the spin of the particle creates torsion waves.

Main stream science is almost exclusively involved with physical “fermionic” matter and is now trying to integrate bosonic (Mind) forces into the general theories of matter.

The idea is that the, so called, bosonic particles are really global standing waves linking wound up vortex filaments. We know in quantum mechanics particles and waves are aspects of the same thing.  The double slit experiment shows photons behaving as though they were both.

The Higgs particle emerges from the idea of the all pervading Higgs bosonic field which is as close as we get to what dowsers call “The Information Field”, an idea created to try explain what they observe. This concept of an information field comes from the problem that for animal to navigate it need to know where it is going.

The question is: “where is this information” and how does an animal access it? Vedral’s idea that a quantum computer has recorded all information since the beginning of time is very helpful here.

How do we access the information?
More and more researchers describe the pineal gland as being critical for navigation as it looks as if it tunes into the Torsion wave field that carries the required navigational information as well as acting as the gyro needed to record changes in direction. Calcified Pineal Glands in Homing Pigeons lead to their loss of navigational ability (see )

Some other things
Torsion wave theory can indicate when a tornado switches from a torsion wave column to a typical dispersive cone at the top. It is all to do with fluid flow around things such as whirlpools. Applying this to bird swarming pre-migration, this model would fit the concept of coherent `thought field` within the main column. What a wonderful way to cohere each other’s thoughts to set their navigation systems before the flock sets off. You see the circular flights of Swallows before they migrate: the flock must also enable the younger birds to learn to “listen” to the flock and the wisdom of the older birds.

Young Fledgling racing pigeons always circle their lofts as in training flights before they are adult enough to engage in homing.

Much more work needs to go into understanding Torsion Waves and into describing how they fit into existing theories.

We need to describe the bosonic and fermonic worlds better.

We need to do more research on the Pineal Gland and we need much more information on the tracks made by migrating species to check our theories. For instance how do Salmon travel from their feeding grounds off Greenland to their rivers in the UK. We think that they follow a straight route and then smell their up their rivers. However, we have no tracks that prove or disprove this theory.

© Richard Nissen March 2104

Posted in Animal Migration, Bird Navigation, Dowsing, How animals navigate, Sense of Direction | Leave a comment

Hefted Sheep

This is an English term for sheep that learn to live in a particular location who do not stray from their “land”.  For us this is another piece of the jigsaw of how animals operate in the wild and know where “home” is.

DEFRA ( Britain’s government Agency for Rural Affairs)  asked ADAS to do this report for them.

You also find this piece interesting too:

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The eels are back

Suddenly after years of decline the eels are back swimming up the rivers in the west coasts of Europe in their millions.  We think that their arrival is the result of a truly remarkable journey from their breeding grounds in the Saragossa Sea off Bermuda.

See for more history.

There is also the Sustainable Eel Group

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Homing Snails

We recently posted an article by Antonio Nafarrate which refers to Jill Moss’s snails and their ability to home.  Since then there has been much in the UK papers about snails having a strong sense of place and returning to it (there was an article in the Daily Telegraph, “why slugs and snails thrown over the fence come back to haunt you” 19 April 2014.  Today (22nd April) in the Daily Telegraph, Barbara Mills of Harpenden Herts wrote in to explain she found some snails on a pile of sticks. She Marked them with nail varnish and put them at the far end of the garden. Three days later they had gone back to the same place.

As Barbara Mills says “snails must have a homing instinct” – we agree.

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Further background information on Navigation based around Gravity and Gyros by Antonio Nafarrate

Let us take a fun ride to the North Pole and set up a pendulum. Once we are done we should launch it to swing taking care that we do not push it left or right so it swings in a nice vertical plane. After an hour has passed we notice that the plane of oscillation has rotated about 15 degrees. If we could see the stars we will find that the plane of oscillation is always aligned with the same stars. This results because it is the Earth rotating under the pendulum and this is exactly what the French Physicist Leon Foucault did but not at the North pole but at the Pantheon in Paris in front of a large audience. Some gentlemen assured that they could feel the Earth move and several ladies fainted according to reports of the time. It must have been a great show. See:

One revolution of the Earth with reference to the stars is called a Sidereal day and it is equal to 23 hrs. 56 min, 4.0996 sec. Let us call it TP.  If the pendulum is set up at some other location X and we measure the time that takes for a complete revolution, say we measure TX. Then the Latitude of X is equal to the angle with a sine function equal to TP divided by TX.  More mathematically expressed : Latitude X = arcsine TP/TX .  So this is the formula that measures Latitude.

Many places have Foucault pendulums available to visitors. Foucault also coined the word “Gyroscope”. See

Foucault noticed that a long brass rod in the chuck of his lathe if set up to oscillate say in a vertical plane it will continue doing so even when he turned the lathe on.

Now let us go to the Equator and set up a spinning top. Instead of the ones that are toys like the ones that children have played since thousands of years let us make one out of a small electric motor so it will spin for a long time.

Before we play lets refresh some terminology from the Physics of Mechanics. The product of mass times velocity is called momentum and usually the letter “p” is the choice of the experts so we have p=mv (mass multiplied by velocity -simple enough), In dynamics of rotations there is a similar formula that momentum is called Angular momentum represented by L , the mass is the moment of inertia I and the velocity is the angular velocity omega. Then for the dynamics of rotations the formula is L=Iomega.

Now for fun we can launch our top, it may wobble as it develops full angular velocity but soon it calms down as it aligns with the direction of Gravity and appears to stay upright in a condition sometimes called “asleep”, if we give it a little push it reacts with some wobbliness until calms down again. The wobbliness before calming is called “precession”. Because it happens at a certain speed we can measure a “precessional frequency” in revolutions per seconds.

Our electric top has been made to look like those disk shaped ones with a stem in the upper part and pointy lower end to sit firmly on the ground and it may even be mounted in a frame as some tops sold as Gyroscopes but they are not unless the frame has three axis of freedom or a so called Cardanic suspension. After say one hour of spinning we can see that the stem that initially was pointing at some star now is pointing 15 degrees East of the star. What happens ?. Angular momentum is always conserved, what went wrong ?. Well actually the rotation of the Earth is sort of “pulling the rug” from under the top and forcing it to point East of the original position.

Now we will take our stationary spinning top onto Earth and we will carry it in our hands. We start by going East. We move our top smoothly avoiding sudden strong shakes as these will produce large transitory precessional motions. Precessional motions are when the top starts wobbling as it spins.

We will proceed along a parallel of latitude so the changes in the top’s position will be only in Longitude (360 degrees around the world North-South). Say that in the stationary condition the precessional frequency of the top is copied by a biological oscillator that is not affected by motions. Let us call this frequency f. The frequency will now increase to f+df . If now we move it West the frequency will become f-df . We have here some mechanism that in some way is a mechanical analog of the Doppler frequency shift (beat) so familiar in acoustics and optics.  (to understand the  Doppler effect see:

By comparing these frequencies by the usual “beat” or interference method, a beat period related to the reciprocal of df (1/df) will be observed, assuming linear conditions and noting that for most cases f>>df (f is much greater than df), meaning that the tangential velocity of a point on the earth surface (except near the polar regions) is considerably larger than the velocity of motion of organisms under their own power, the zeros and maximum values of the amplitude of the beat will happen at equidistant points along the parallel independent of the velocity of motion. The integration of the velocity to obtain the distance becomes as simple as counting steps, the organism only has to count the beats to know how many units of distance it has moved from a “home” or reference meridian (longitude). It is needed to point  out here that the accelerations encountered during the top displacement do not count because they get fully cancelled by decelerations in the start to stop motion. Only the initial and final position determines the total integrated effect again if simple linearity is assumed.

We described how to measure the N-S displacements by measuring the rotation of the plane of oscillation of a Foucault pendulum but the beat method is also applicable for the N-S displacements. And again the displacements will be reduced to units of time.  It is possible that animals pick up these beats and integrate them unconsciously to deliver bearing and position.

The fact that Latitude and Longitude can both be measured in the same units, time, constitutes a very satisfactory result from a logical standpoint.

© Antonio Nafarrate 2014






Posted in How animals navigate | 1 Comment

Does your dog wait for you (their owner) to come home? – An experiment

Please participate!
An experiment to see how dogs respond to their owners.
Does your dog wait for you (their owner) to come home? If this is your case please participate in this experiment.

Rupert Sheldrake is a hero of ours and has written a book we have reviewed “Dogs that know when their owners are coming home, and other unexplained powers of animals.” The experiment is explained in detail in appendix A of the book entitled: “how to take part in research.”

See this link for more background:

The experiment
If your dog waits for you (the owner) to come home, we are trying to establish when the dog goes to wait for you.

Log the following:

  • Date
  • Distance from home
  • Time of going home
  • Mode of transport
  • Time of arrival

Start with the time you decide to come home.

There must be a person at home to note down the time that the dog goes to wait for you.

Please note this time down and also the time that you get home.

Do this a number of times and see if you get any correlation between the timings on your journey home and the time that the dog goes to wait for you.

You should record the dates and times in a notebook or diary so that you can build up a proper picture of what is happening.

Only record the facts, which will speak for themselves.

What did you find?
Send us your findings to us and if you are interested send these to Rupert Sheldrake too. I think that you will find the answers very interesting.

Please participate!

Richard Nissen, editor

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Animals finding their way home

One of our board members, Antonio Nafarrate, has brought this intriguing piece of news to our attention - snakes in the Everglades can find their way home.

As we have always said, there is something going on with animals who find their way home and this is another example.

I have a friend, Jill Moss who lives in Cornwall, who, when her garden was invaded by snails would pick them up and mark them with nail polish and fling them far from her garden over a the wall.  She found that they were soon back inside her garden.

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